Exercise physiology is the study of how exercise affects the physiological functioning and structural responses within the body. Vital points to consider are age, weight, gender, health, nutrition, social and economic status, as well as environmental conditions. Body type and even personality should be considered.
The mind has a definite effect on the body’s physiology. Understanding the responses of the body in relation to the demands placed on it allows for the ability to be more specific in the preparation for a particular sport or event. Objective monitoring gives the definite advantage of being able to design the most productive regime possible.